On this day in 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. Working as a seamstress, Mrs. Parks was commuting home after a long day of work at the Montgomery Fair Department Store. Although it was the law to enforce segregation, there was also a Montgomery law that stated, “No person (white or black) could be asked to give up a seat even if there were no other seat on the bus.” However, that was often ignored. 12 years earlier, Parks had an altercation with the same bus driver, James Blake. Although she left his bus then, she refused to give in a second time. Arrested and taken into custody, 42-year-old Rosa Parks was found guilty on Monday, December 5; she was fined $10 plus $4 in court costs. The Bus Boycott also began the day of her trial and led to the Supreme Court ruling on November 13, 1956 that bus segregation was unconstitutional.
*James Blake link leads to interview.